Sales of electric vehicles (EVs) have skyrocketed in China, raising concerns about the strain on the country’s power grid. However, despite the impressive number of EVs on the road, China’s electric power system and infrastructure have not been overwhelmed by […]
Sales of electric vehicles (EVs) have skyrocketed in China, raising concerns about the strain on the country’s power grid. However, despite the impressive number of EVs on the road, China’s electric power system and infrastructure have not been overwhelmed by their electricity consumption. Let’s take a closer look at the exact amount of energy used to charge these vehicles.
According to a recent analysis by BloombergNEF (BNEF), all electric vehicles in the People’s Republic of China consumed the same amount of electricity for charging their batteries in 2023 as the entire Republic of Ireland. This amounts to a total of 35 terawatt-hours (TWh), including both fully electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids. Projections for this year indicate that the overall electric energy consumption for EV charging will rise to 52 TWh, surpassing Greece’s total annual consumption.
While these figures are impressive, it’s important to note that EV charging in China has not jeopardized the electric power system and infrastructure. The electricity distributed through public charging stations has already reached significant levels, but this has not led to major issues. On the contrary, China has successfully established an extensive network of public chargers to support the growing number of EVs on the roads.
It is worth highlighting that while China has successfully built the necessary infrastructure to support electric vehicles, the situation is different on the other side of the world. In the United States, particularly in California, there are opponents of EVs who believe they could pose a danger to the energy system. For instance, during the intense heatwaves of 2022, EV owners were instructed not to charge their vehicles during certain hours to avoid overloading the electric power grid.
Regardless, electricity consumption by EVs is increasing, and countries and their energy systems must be prepared to adapt to this trend. China currently leads in the number of electric vehicles, and it is truly impressive how they have managed to maintain the stability of their electric power system despite the significant power consumption.