Вештачка интелигенција

The impact of large language models in the field of law

Summary

Large language models (LLMs) have gained success in various natural language processing (NLP) tasks such as machine translation, summarization, and entity recognition. These models utilize transformer architecture, pretrained models, and query-based approaches for NLP tasks. A recent study conducted by […]

The impact of large language models in the field of law

Large language models (LLMs) have gained success in various natural language processing (NLP) tasks such as machine translation, summarization, and entity recognition. These models utilize transformer architecture, pretrained models, and query-based approaches for NLP tasks. A recent study conducted by the University of Liverpool highlights the potential of artificial intelligence (AI) in reducing the overload of over 50 million pending cases in India’s judicial system. By using language models, researchers were able to generate legal arguments based on factual information from the cases. The best model achieved a 63% match with the reference labels set.

Applying AI has the potential to expedite the processing time of documents, aiding legal professionals by providing concise summaries, suggestions, and predictions of applicable laws. The research paper, titled “Automated Generation of Arguments Based on Legal Facts,” utilized models like GPT-2 and LLaMA from Facebook’s Meta AI to generate arguments.

While the application of large language models in the judicial system seems promising, there are challenges that need to be addressed. One such challenge arises from the poorly structured English sentences in legal proceedings, making it difficult to leverage existing NLP tools and requiring significant effort from legal practitioners to understand. Additionally, there are privacy concerns associated with using paid services that may involve sharing sensitive data. Furthermore, potential biases may exist within larger datasets. Nonetheless, proper fine-tuning and high-quality data can mitigate these issues.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

1. How can large language models assist the judicial system?
Large language models enable the generation of legal arguments from factual information, potentially reducing document processing time and assisting legal professionals in their work.

2. What are some challenges in implementing artificial intelligence in legal proceedings?
One of the challenges is the presence of poorly structured language in legal proceedings, which makes it difficult to leverage existing natural language processing tools. There are also concerns regarding privacy and potential biases in large datasets.

3. How is the success of argument generation evaluated?
The success of argument generation is evaluated through metrics such as average word overlap between generated and actual arguments and average semantic similarity.

4. What are the plans for further research development in this field?
This research represents an initial exploration into the broader field of AI in the legal system. The plan is to further develop advanced models in the future to enhance the application of artificial intelligence in the field of law.