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The Challenges of Regulating Artificial Intelligence: Divergent Approaches on Two Continents

Summary

After months of negotiations, the Brussels police are still in late-night talks to reach an agreement on the world’s most ambitious law regulating artificial intelligence (AI). However, senators have expressed concerns that the European Union’s approach to AI regulation may […]

The Challenges of Regulating Artificial Intelligence: Divergent Approaches on Two Continents

After months of negotiations, the Brussels police are still in late-night talks to reach an agreement on the world’s most ambitious law regulating artificial intelligence (AI). However, senators have expressed concerns that the European Union’s approach to AI regulation may be too stringent, potentially alienating AI developers.

The discussions on both sides of the Atlantic highlight the challenges of regulating AI, which has become increasingly important for governments worldwide, especially since the launch of the AI chatbot ChatGPT, which sparked a global frenzy.

Congress has significantly lagged behind Brussels, where the framework for AI regulation was first proposed in 2021. But after years of work, the future of EU AI legislation remains uncertain due to lobbying and opposition from major EU countries, including France, Germany, and Italy.

Following more than six months of efforts on AI policy, Senate Majority Leader Charles E. Schumer (Democratic Party, New York) informed reporters that a bipartisan group of senators is starting to work seriously on legislation, although few details have been disclosed about its contents.

These comments followed the recent AI forums in Congress where lawmakers consulted with top technology executives, including former Google CEO Eric Schmidt, to gain a better understanding of issues such as the risks of AI armageddon and national security.

Senator Mike Rounds (Republican Party, South Dakota), a member of the bipartisan working group formed by Schumer to develop AI policy, stated that senators are pursuing an “enabling approach” to retain AI developers in the United States.

“If [European regulators] perceive it as regulatory activity, they will follow AI development in the United States,” he told reporters after the forums. “What we don’t want is to follow AI development in our adversaries.”

Frequently Asked Questions

Who is working on the most ambitious AI regulation law?

The Brussels police are in late-night talks to reach an agreement on the world’s most ambitious law regulating artificial intelligence.

Is there concern that the European approach to AI may be too stringent?

Yes, senators have expressed concerns that the European approach to regulating AI may be too stringent and could alienate AI developers.

Is Congress lagging behind the EU in AI regulation?

Yes, Congress lags behind the EU in regulating artificial intelligence. The European Union first proposed a framework for AI regulation in 2021.